sabato 2 gennaio 2021

Traduzione per l'ushabti in faience [#2]

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN ITALIAN

Riportiamo di seguito alcune ipotesi relative alla traduzione del testo riportato sul pannello verticale frontale dell'ushabti in faience (#2) presente nel Virtual Museum.




La formula 

L'iscrizione riprende una formula di uso molto comune nel Periodo Tardo.

Essa recita:
"L'ILLUMINATO, L'OSIRIDE [nome del defunto] NATO DA [nome della madre]". 

La pronuncia della formula è: "shd Wsir [...] ms n [...]"

Il tipo di iscrizione verticale e la disposizione affiancata dei due gruppi "shd" e "Wsir" fa pensare alla XXX dinastia.

NB: "ms-n" (ovvero "nato da") non specifica il genere del genitore, tuttavia nei testi degli ushabti è predominante l'utilizzo del matronimico.





Il nome del defunto

Sull'esattezza del nome del defunto ci sono ancora alcuni dubbi. Tuttavia abbiamo la certezza del nome della madre, di seguito riportato.


Il nome della madre
Il nome della madre, riportato dopo "ms n" ("nato da"), è "t srt Iht". 
Esso è l'abbreviazione di "ta sheret nt ta Ihet" ovvero "la figlia di Ihet" (Ihet è una delle forme della dea Hator).

Si tratta di un nome femminile di utilizzo molto comune in età saitica (XXVI dinastia). Il nome corrisponderebbe dunque con l'età stimata dell' ushabti.

Due esempi di ushabti recanti lo stesso matronimico:

https://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/116883
"Ta-sheret-en-ta-Ihet" - Brooklyn Museum, New York (USA) - XXVI dinastia

http://webmuseo.com/ws/musees-bourges/app/collection/record/742
"Ta-Sheret-Ihet" - Musèe du Berry, Bourges (France) - Periodo Tardo


venerdì 24 febbraio 2017

[#3] Egyptian amulet: faience eye of Horus (wedjat)

Egyptian amulet: faience eye of Horus (wedjat)

Egypt, Late Dynastic Period, 663 - 404 BC

Material: faience


Size: 0.7 x 1.0 cms


Collection: Italian private collection (acquired from a British art gallery in 2017)



The owner guarantees that this item has been acquired and hold in a legal way.



Egyptian bichrome faience Wedjat amulet (the eye of Horus) belonging to the Late Period. The longitudinal hole suggests it was used as a wearable accessory, maybe in a necklace or in a bracelet.

Wedjat amulets were very common amulets in the ancient Egypt. They are often made in faience, often bichrome (black and blue/green) and could symbolize the Sun (Ra) or the Moon (Osiris).



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domenica 12 febbraio 2017

Faience ushabtis similar to the [#2] one

Here is a selection of ushabtis that are similar to the faience one in the Virtual Museum [#2]. They probably come from its same grave and same mold.


Anubis Ancient Art is an ancient art gallery based in Rotterdam.

Timeline Auction is an auction house based in Harwich.



Anubis Ancient Art - 2016
Anubis Ancient Art - 2016






















Anubis Ancient Art - 2014
Anubis Ancient Art - 2016







Timeline Auctions - 2017
Anubis Ancient Art - 2017























Timeline Auctions - 2017
Timeline Auctions - 2017



venerdì 3 febbraio 2017

[#2] Egyptian faience ushabti

Egyptian faience ushabti

Egypt, Late Dynastic Period, 554 - 332 BC (27th - 30th dynasty)

Material: faience


Size: 10.2 x 2.6 cms


Collection: Italian private collection (acquired from a Dutch art gallery in 2017 - before part of a Germn collection formed in the 1970s)



The owner guarantees that this item has been acquired and hold in a legal way.


Here is a collection of similar ushabtis from the same mold.


Inscribed Egyptian faience ushabti belonging to the Late Period (27th - 30th dynasty). The figure follows the funerary tradition: it is mummiform with crossed arms and Osirian beard. It wears a typical headress and brings two agricultural tools in his hands. The frontal vertical panel is inscribed with hieroglyphs.

In ancient Egypt, Ushabti (or Shabits) were funerary figures placed in tombs among the grave goods. They were intended to act as servants of the deceased (above all in agricultual works). Their use started during the Middle Kingdom and developed through the following centuries. The most common materials were faience, wood and pottery. The inscriptions were taken from the 6th chapter of the "Book of the Dead" or from other funerary traditions.

Here is a hypotesis on the ushabti text.


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mercoledì 25 gennaio 2017

[#1] Egyptian amulet: faience papyrus

Egyptian amulet: faience papyrus

Egypt, Late Dynastic Period, 663 - 404 BC

Material: faience


Size: 3.6 x 0.9 cms


Collection: Italian private collection (acquired from a Dutch art gallery in 2017 - before part of a Dutch collecion formed in the 1990s)



The owner guarantees that this item has been acquired and hold in a legal way.




Typical Egyptian faience papyrus amulet belonging to the Late Period. The hole on the top suggests it was used as a pendant.

Papyrus amulets were very common amulets in the ancient Egypt. They are often made in faience or lapis lazuli with a color range shifting from green to blue. The papyrus amulets symbolized youthful force and vitality.



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